Each year, many of us focus on our financial health by resetting goals and checking off items on our financial to-do list. Attempting to implement everything at once can be overwhelming but a month-by-month approach may help you plan and develop actionable financial goals. While some financial tasks are time-sensitive, others can be checked off the list as you complete them throughout the year. Here is a month-by-month to-do list to help you pursue your financial goals and keep you on track throughout the year:
January: Prepare to file your taxes
Collect W2's, 1099's, investment statements, charitable giving receipts, mortgage interest statements (form 1098), and other documentation on deductible items, so you are ready to file your taxes. It's also a good idea to look at them to assess your earnings and investing habits.
February: Revisit retirement savings contributions
Can you contribute more this year into your retirement savings accounts? Make it a goal to increase your 401(k), IRA, or Roth IRA contributions this month, so you are closer to maximizing your contributions. Setting your contributions to increase automatically each year can help position you closer to your retirement savings goal when you're ready to retire.
March: Review your investment portfolio
Was the return on your investments last year what you expected? While risk/reward is part of an investment strategy, taxes and interest rates also impact portfolio performance. Schedule a meeting with a financial professional to examine how your investments performed last year and develop an investment strategy for your unique situation.
April: Assess your monthly budget
Has your spending increased or decreased? How about your income? Assessing the money flowing in and out of your household each month enables you to save more and reduce your outstanding debt. Now is a great time to cut out what you don't need and subscriptions and memberships you don't use.
May: Evaluate your emergency fund
Unexpected expenses can impact your financial future if not planned. An emergency savings of six month's-worth of costs in a cash account can help keep you on track and prevent premature liquidation of assets. Six to twelve months of cash reserves is recommended for high-income earners or those who are self-employed.
June: Review your life insurance
A yearly review of your life insurance policy is essential to ensure the death benefit is enough to pay off your outstanding debt and provide for your beneficiaries for a set period. While employed, maximize your employer's term life insurance coverage. But you may also want to consider private life insurance so that if you leave your employer, you have coverage at a death benefit amount appropriate for you.
July: Revisit your will and estate plan
Legal documents are essential so that upon your death, your assets pass as you intended. If you have changed your mind on how you want your assets divided or who should receive them since you drafted your will or estate plan, now is the time to update these essential documents.
August: Review your beneficiary designations
Beneficiary designations on accounts such as your 401(k), IRA, and other accounts overrides information in your will about who inherits them.
Therefore, it is vital to review your retirement savings accounts, investment accounts, and assets to ensure that your beneficiary information is updated and your estate plan is in sync. Consult your legal professional for guidance and questions on how listing beneficiaries impacts probate regardless of having a will or estate plan.
September: Engage in tax planning
Meet with your tax and financial professional to determine your tax scenario before the year ends. If you need to contribute more to your pre-tax retirement savings accounts, having four months of extra 401(k) contributions can help reduce your taxable income. Also, determine if your payroll deductions are appropriate to you and adjust if necessary, and retroactive if possible, to lower your taxable income.
October: Redo your financial plan
Are you on track to reach your retirement savings goals? Review how much of your salary you invested last year and how much more you can contribute toward your retirement savings if you're still in your accumulation phase. Now is a great time to review investment performance and adjust your investing strategy.
Suppose you are retired and spending down your retirement nest egg. In that case, a new financial plan can provide insight into how long your retirement savings may last based on today's inflation rate, current interest rates, and other factors.
November: Evaluate your insurance coverage
Take note of other types of insurance in addition to your life insurance, such as property/casualty, disability, long-term care insurance, and so on. Reviewing coverages with your insurance and financial professionals can help you feel confident that you are adequately insured and that your assets won't deplete prematurely due to unplanned circumstances of property loss or health.
December: Give to charity
There are countless benefits of giving; you can make a difference in your community and society and even save on your taxes by giving through these ways:
- Donor-Advised Funds - A donor-advised fund allows you to donate cash or securities, which are non-refundable to a non-profit organization.
- Charitable Trusts -The two types of charitable trusts you may want to incorporate into your financial plan include charitable lead trusts (CLTs) and charitable remainder trusts (CRTs). Consult your legal and financial professionals if you plan to include securities in your trust.
By implementing an annual financial to-do list, you can keep your financial goals intact and stay focused on your progress throughout the year.
The opinions voiced in this material are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual.
This information is not intended to be a substitute for specific individualized tax or legal advice. We suggest that you discuss your specific situation with a qualified tax or legal advisor.
LPL Financial Representatives offer access to Trust Services through The Private Trust Company N.A., an affiliate of LPL Financial.
This article was prepared by Fresh Finance.
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